Stem cells obtained from autologous fat are currently an innovative therapeutic method in the field of aesthetic medicine. In particular, the result of a hair transplant can be further optimized here.
In stem cell therapy, stem cells are taken from the patient's fat. This form of treatment currently represents one of the most innovative therapeutic methods in aesthetic medicine. With the help of stem cell therapy, a hair transplant's success can be improved even further.
What exactly are stem cells?
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells without specific functions, although they come from different origins. For example, the skin consists of mesenchymal stem cells designed to form connective tissue, capillaries, hair follicles, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, and other remaining components.
Hair loss is not equal to hair loss because there are indeed different forms of hair loss. After careful examination, the doctor will make a diagnosis and advise you on an individual treatment method. Genetically caused hair loss is the form for which stem cell therapy is suitable. If a disease or medication causes hair loss, this treatment method is not the most convenient.
Under local anesthesia, subcutaneous fatty tissue is removed with a syringe through a small micro-opening in the skin. This removal causes no pain due to the anesthesia. The adipose tissue is then stored in the laboratory in the course of a complicated procedure. This is because the doctor needs the so-called nano-fat (an emulsion consisting of many valuable fat stem cells) for the treatment. The doctor then injects this nano-fat into the respective areas where the hair falls out.
There are different growth factors (amino acids) that lead to the reduction of hair loss:
o aFGF and bFGF lead to increased blood vessel formation with improved blood supply to the individual hair roots, providing them with sufficient oxygen and nutrients. Also, there is increased fat formation around the hair roots, particularly hair loss, since a fat reduction accompanies hair loss.
Prevents cell death and promotes the growth of hair follicles.
The individual growth factors stimulate cell and tissue growth at the hair roots and promote weakened hair follicles' regeneration. The new hair is denser. Newly formed blood vessels optimize the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the hair follicles. Weak and damaged tissue heals faster, and scarring is reduced.
There is increased permeability of the individual blood vessels around the hair follicles.
o The insulin-like substances IGF 1 and IGF 2 contribute significantly to the growth of the hair root.